C.C. Beck and Pete Costanza cartoon inkers, Otto Binder cartoon writer
In this comic Billy Batson who has the power to turn into the superhero Captain Marvel, fights off Japanese soldiers while protecting his fellow white Americans. These types of popular comics were a form of propaganda to unite the American people together in support of a superhero and against “evil” or the Japanese army. Of course this type of propaganda also led to discrimination against Japanese Americans.
March 13th, 1942
The owner of this shop, a Japanese American living in California puts a I AM AN AMERICAN sign in front of his store on December 8th, the day after Pearl Harbor. His shop was later closed, as seen by the SOLD sign, and he and his family were forced to be moved into a detention center. This photograph displays the ignorant prejudice against Japanese American’s simply because of their ancestry. Americans were so paranoid after the bombing of Pearl Harbor that they feared a conspiracy between Japanese Americans aiding the Axis powers.
Photographer Clem Albers. April 2, 1942
In the center of the photo a military policeman stands guard as people of Japanese descent arrive into the internment camp. Japanese Americans were forced to abandon their current style of life including their homes, jobs, and friends and move into War Relocation Centers like the one in the photograph. Of course, no one in the photograph looks happy about the move.
The 442nd combat team at Camp Shelby was made of over 8000 Japanese American volunteer soldiers. Young Japanese men volunteered for the army in order to prove their loyalty to the United States as an attempt to clear the Japanese American reputation. The Japanese soldiers were all obedient and loyal to higher army commanders so that the 442nd combat team received a very good reputation. There were a few skirmishes with the rest of the white soldiers at Camp Shelby when racist terms were used, such as “Japs” or “Yellows”. Overall, the Japanese American soldier team was held with high regard.